Oceania | archiboldclutterbuck

Discover fascinating fun facts about Oceania, it's geography, animals and much more below...

Population: 32 million +

No. Countries: 14

Islands: 10,000 +

Highest point: Mt Wilhelm 4509m

Lowest point: Lake Eyre  -52m

Longest river: Murray 2508km

Biggest country: Australia

 

Smallest country: Nauru

DID YOU KNOW

This continent is sometimes named Australia after its largest country. Oceania is the geographical area that also includes New Zealand, Papua New Guinea and the South Pacific Islands.

THE COUNTRIES OF OCEANIA

Australia

Fiji

Kiribati

Marshal Islands

Micronesia

Nauru

New Zealand

Palau

Papua New Guinea

Samoa

Solomon Islands

Tonga

Tuvalu

Vanuatu

HERE ARE THE DEPENDENT TERRITORIES THAT MAKE UP OCEANIA

American Samoa • Cook Islands • French Polynesia • Guam • New Caledonia • Niue • Norfolk Island • Northern Mariana Islands • Pitcairn Islands • Tokelau • Wake Island • Wallis and Futuna

QUICK FACTS ABOUT OCEANIA

INDIGENOUS PEOPLES

Over 32 million people call this continent home including many indigenous peoples 

 

In particular Aboriginals in Australia, the Maori in New Zealand and the Melanesian in the Pacific Islands such as Fiji. Many traditions and ways of life are still well practiced.

You can find out more about Aboriginals and other Indigenous Peoples HERE

Geography of Oceania

Whilst most of Oceania sits within the Tropic Of Capricorn the south of Australia and New Zealand benefit from a temperate weather system. This means that they have seasonal weather (Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter) compared to the Tropics which experience only Dry and Wet seasons.

There are many different environments in Oceania including, rainforests, deserts, mountains and lots of beaches! Read more about different countries environments and weather below:

Marshall Islands

Marshall Islands - This group of over 1,200 islands were created by rising coral reefs and volcanic activity below the ocean. This type of land is called an atoll. The land is very low-lying which means they are at risk of flooding and disappearing into the ocean. This threat has increased with rising sea levels due to climate change.

Papua New

Guinea

Papua New Guinea - Due to tropical high temperatures this nation is covered in rainforest all the up to its hilly highlands where 90% of it is given over to local tribes and communities to live on. Having only 2 seasons very heavy rainfall is expected every year in the Wet season.

New Zealand

New Zealand - Unlike the majority of Oceania, all of New Zealand has a temperate climate i.e 4 seasons, Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter. Due to the many high mountains the country has many fjords with are large bays filled with sea water. These are carved out by huge glaciers breaking apart the the rock.

Fiji

Fiji - One of the larger islands in Oceania after Australia and New Zealand, Fiji is best know for its incredible coastline and magnificent waves. These famous breaks are great for surfing. These wave breaks are caused by an obstruction like a reef, which causes the water to build and form a huge barrel wave!

Australia

Australia - The largest island in the world, Australia is split into 2 different climates. In the North it is very hot and has only Wet and Dry seasons. In the South the climate is temperate which means they have all the 4 seasons. A great desert in the middle is nicknamed the 'Red Centre' because the sand is such a vivid red colour.

ACTIVITY

1. Take a look at the map of Oceania.

2. Have a think of what weather you like and pin point a place in the South Pacific Ocean where you'd like to live

3. Draw your own island and decide who would live there and what animals would live alongside you. Make sure you choose animals that suit the weather

Platypus

Type of animal - Marsupial

Maximum Length - 63cm

Region - Australia

Diet - Small Invertebrates 

Koala

Type of animal - Marsupial

Maximum Length - 85cm

Region - Australia

Diet - Eucalyptus Leaves

Kookaburra

Type of animal - Bird

Maximum Wingspan- 66cm

Region - Australia

Diet - Small Invertebrates 

Kangaroo

Type of animal - Marsupial

Maximum Length - 2.4m (Including tail)

Region - Australia

Diet - Grass and Plants

Kiwi

Type of animal - Bird

Maximum Length - 45cm

Region - New Zealand

Diet - Insects and Worms

Thorny Devil

Type of animal - Reptile

Maximum Length - 20cm

Region - Australia

Diet - Ants

Famed for its unique wildlife, Oceania is home to the Koala, Kangaroo, Kiwi bird and the Platypus.

The Kagu bird, of island nation New Caledonia, is a flightless bird and uses its wings to climb trees instead.

Koalas are Marsupials, a type of Mammal. They actually have 2 thumbs to help them climb!

Pigs are high status amongst Papua New Guinean tribes and are used as a sort of currency for wedding dowries.

The Haka ,a traditional dance of the New Zealand Maori people, is still continued to this day even by the nations rugby team to scare off an opponent!

Aboriginals, the indigenous people of Australia  are thought to have lived in Australia for over 80,000 years!

New Zealand is actually 7% of another continent, Zealandia...

...but the other 93% is submerged in the ocean!

Polynesia is a group of over 10,000 islands situated in the South Pacific Ocean. Island nations include Tuvalu, Tonga, Samoa and French Polynesia.

The Platypus, easily one of the most unique animals! It has a duck bill, beaver tail and otter fur. When it was first discovered people thought it had been created by humans out of bits of other animals!

OCEANIA ON FILM

ACTIVITY

1. Take a look and read about my travels in Oceania below.

2. Put some of the interesting information into a search engine and see if you can find what country the image is from!

Fun Facts about the Aboriginals

Fig. 57

An Aboriginal man playing his traditional didgeridoo in the Northern Territory. These indigenous people are thought to have lived in their home country for over 80,000 years!

Fig. 13

Joining some of Papuan tribes-women in the highlands for the their village pig feast celebrations. Pigs are high status and are used as a sort of currency for wedding dowries.

Fig. 105

Surfing Cloudbreaks, one of the Top 10 best surf breaks. A wave break is caused by an obstruction, in this case a reef, which causes the water to build and form a huge barrel wave.

Click here to discover more pictures of

Archie's Worldly Adventures in his gallery

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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