Europe | archiboldclutterbuck

Discover fascinating fun facts about Europe, it's geography, animals and much more below...

Population: 741 million +

No. Countries: 50

Highest Point: Mt Elbrus 5642m

Lowest Point: Caspian Sea  -28m

Longest river: Volga 3690km

Biggest country: Russia

Smallest country: Vatican City

DID YOU KNOW

Italy is sometimes nicknamed 'The Boot' due to the shape of its coast. Take a closer look at the map above to see for yourself.

THE COUNTRIES OF EUROPE

Albania

Andorra

Armenia

Austria

Belarus

Belgium

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bulgaria

Croatia

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France 

Georgia

Germany

Greece

Hungary

Iceland

Ireland

Italy

Kazakhstan

Kosovo

Latvia

Liechtenstein

Lithuania
Luxembourg

Macedonia

Malta

Moldova

Monaco

Montenegro

Netherlands

Norway

Poland

Portugal

Romania

Russia

San Morino

Serbia

Slovakia

Slovenia

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

Turkey

Ukraine

United Kingdom

Vatican City

QUICK FACTS ABOUT EUROPE

DISCOVERING THE WORLD

Throughout history the people of Europe have been pioneering in discovery and world exploration. Many famous explorers were born and set sail from the continent including Captain Cook and Sir Walter Raleigh.

These explorations led to the creation of the World Maps we look at today. by exploring the world people bought back information from far flung lands and helped us build a picture of the wider world!

Geography of Europe

Although Europe has a temperate climate (Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter) its temperatures and environments differ vastly. From the icy Iceland and Svalbard in the North to the warming sun of Greece, Turkey and Portugal in the South. The middle of Europe has the most temperate of climates and is renowned for its farming, with its produce being exported all over the world.

Read more about the different countries of Europe and their environments and weather below:

Spain

Greece

Spain and Greece - As we move closer to the Mediterranean Sea in the South the climate gets warmer and the summers get longer. Both Spain and Greece benefit from higher temperatures ideal for growing fruit such as tomatoes and olives.

Norway

Sweden

Norway and Sweden - High up in the North both these countries reach out towards the Arctic Circle. Here temperatures can get below freezing. They have large mountainous regions in the North and in Norway there are many Fjords. These are huge inlets of water surrounded on all sides by towering mountains. They are created when icy glaciers break apart the rocks and melt.

Switzerland

Austria

Switzerland and Austria - Home to the Alps mountain range these countries are on the tall side and include the iconic Matterhorn mountain, in Switzerland, with its iconic toothed shape. Being in the centre of Europe they both have temperate 

climates meaning they enjoy all 4 seasons, Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter.

United Kingdom

United Kingdom - This island nation is made up of 4 countries, England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.The UK benefits from the Gulf Stream which is warm air blown from Mexico. This means that it doesn't get as cold as other places that sit in line with it such as Denmark and New York.

Iceland

Iceland - Firmly in the Northern Hemisphere and close to the Arctic Circle Iceland is a very unique country. It is extremely volcanic and you can actually see boiling hot water bubbling up on the surface from deep within the ground. Search for Geysers on YouTube and see how high some of the boiling jets can shoot out from the Earth.

ACTIVITY

1. Take a look at the map of Europe.

2. Pick a country and see if you can guess what it's environment and weather is like.

3. Then take a search on the internet or in a book to see if you're correct!

Reindeer

Type of animal - Mammal

Maximum Length - 2.1m

Region - Iceland, Scandinavia and Russia

Diet - Grasses and Plants

Long Eared Bat

Type of animal - Mammal

Maximum Wingspan - 30cm

Region - United Kingdom

Diet - Insects and Small Animals

Hedgehog

Type of animal - Mammal

Maximum Length - 30cm

Region - West Europe

Diet - Worms, Plants and Insects

Wolverine

Type of animal - Mammal

Maximum Length - 90cm

Region - Norway, Sweden and Finland

Diet - Large Mammals

Badger

Type of animal - Mammal

Maximum Length - 90cm

Region - All over Europe

Diet - Worms, Plants and Small Animals

Puffin

Type of animal - Bird

Maximum Length - 63cm

Region - Iceland and Northern Europe

Diet - Fish

Both Turkey and Russia straddle two continents.

In the West they're in Europe and in the East they're in Asia!

There is a train line under the English Channel connecting the UK and France measuring just over 50km!

27 countries in Europe are part of the European Union which was set up to create free trade and political stability in 1993.

Europe is home to 50 countries including the world's largest, Russia and the world's smallest, Vatican City where the Pope lives.

The Swiss Guardsman of the Vatican City have been protecting the Pope for over 500 years since 1506! 

Europe is packed with stunning art and architecture  with famous artists like Italy's Michelangelo, the Netherlands Van Gogh and Spains Gaudi. 

The Alps mountain range has 2 of Europes highest mountains:

Mont Blanc - 4,810ft

(France)

Matterhorn - 4,478ft

(Switzerland)

19 countries in Europe share the same currency called the Euro.

Between the 16th and 20th Century European countries controlled the majority of the other continents apart from Antarctica!

EUROPE ON FILM

ACTIVITY

1. Take a look and read about my travels in Europe below.

2. Put some of the interesting information into a search engine and see if you can find what country the image is from!

Fun Fact about St Basils Cathedral
Fun Fact about Scottish Dancing

Fig. 268

Saint Basil’s Cathedral, Moscow. Did you know that Ivan the Terrible actually blinded the designer of the cathedral in 1561 to stop him building another one!

Fig. 21

Communicating over the Alps mountain range using the incredibly long Alphorn!  The Alphorn was used by people to communicate over long distances. Measuring 2-3 metres long and made from wood it widens at the end to create a deeper noise.

Fig. 245

Trying my luck at the Highland Fling at the Braemar Gathering. It's a traditional dance performed wearing a kilt made of tartan fabric. The Queen visits the gathering every year to delight in dancing, caber tossing and the tug of war. Although not sure she actually takes part!

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