Environment | Worldly Adventures of Archibold Clutterbuck

Approximately 10% of the world is covered in Ice and is mainly found in the Greenland and Antartica Ice sheets.

 

These can include Glaciers which are huge packs of Ice that move very slowly from higher altitudes. They can travel an average of 1 metre per day with some known to speed down the mountain side at up to 25 metres per day!

Due to lower air pressure and temperatures snow and ice are mainly found at higher altitudes where the air is thinner, hence why tall Mountains such as Mt Everest are snow-capped. Snow coverings especially in the North and South poles help to regulate the Earth's temperature due to its white reflective surface bouncing the suns rays away from the surface.

DID YOU KNOW

The icy continent of Antarctica is actually classified as a desert due to its lack of rain. 

Mountains are the tallest natural wonders in the World, but just how did they come to be so big?

Underneath the earth's surface the world is broken up into plates, which are huge pieces of land that everything sits on. 

Many millions of years ago some of these plates crashed into each other. When they did they pushed the earths surface up and created Mountains.

There are 5 different types of Mountain Ranges:

Dome - These are huge hills that are curved on the top with no peak. They are not as big as the others below.

Plateau - These have long flat tops with no peaks.

Fold - Here many mountains stand close together one after another, with multiple peaks.

Block - These are the biggest kind and have single peaks that reach high up into the clouds.

Volcanoes - These mountains are still alive and being pushed by the plates causing lava to flow out of the top!

FAMOUS MOUNTAINS OF THE WORLD

K2 - 28,251 ft

Kilimanjaro - 19,340 ft

Matterhorn - 14,690 ft

Mont Blanc - 15,780 ft

Mount Cook - 12,218 ft

Mt Everest - 29,030 ft

Mt Fuji - 12,390 ft

Mount Olympus - 9,570 ft

Table Mountain - 3,558 ft

ACTIVITY

1. Look up one of the famous mountains above.

2. Take a peek at a picture of it and see if you can work out what type of mountain range it comes from using the descriptions above the map.

MOUNTAIN RANGES OF THE WORLD

FAMOUS MOUNTAINS RANGES OF THE WORLD

Andes

Alps

Himalayas

Rocky Mountains

Appalachian Mountains

Atlas Mountains

WHO LIVES AMONGST THE ICE?

Hi i'm part of a culture and community called Inuits. We are indigenous people that live in the Arctic Circle in the North of Canada and Greenland.

We are famous for being builders of Igloo's. These structures are made from carved blocks of ice, piled high in the shape of a dome. It keeps us warm and sheltered from the harsh arctic winds and temperatures.

 

Igloo's can be a toasty 15C inside when it's a freezing -45C outside! Once inside the amount of people that gather in them they generate enough heat to act as a small heater which melts and fuses the ice blocks together, making it even stronger.

You can find out more about Inuits and other indigenous people HERE.

Polar Bear

Type of animal - Mammal

Maximum Length - 2.8m

Region - Arctic Circle

Diet - Seals

Snowy Owl

Type of animal - Bird

Wingspan - 1.6m

Region - Arctic Circle

Diet - Lemmings and fish

Harp Seal

Type of animal - Mammal

Maximum Length - 1.7m

Region - Arctic Circle

Diet - Fish

Arctic Fox

Type of animal - Mammal

Maximum Length - 1.1m

Region - Arctic Circle

Diet - Lemmings

Narwhal

Type of animal - Mammal

Maximum Length - 5m

Region - Arctic Circle

Diet - Fish

Muskox

Type of animal - Mammal

Maximum Length - 2.5m

Region - Arctic Circle

Diet - Grasses

PSST... DID YOU KNOW?

The Arctic Circle around the North Pole is entirely made from ice!

There is no land at all it's all thick ice made from the frozen Arctic Ocean. This ice can be up 5 metres thick, so safe enough to walk on if you wrap up warm.

SNOW & ICE ON FILM

Let's learn about the world's Mountains and Icy environments.

Scroll down or click on the links below to learn more about the highest peaks and coldest places.

THERE'S MORE...

  • Instagram - White Circle

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Adventure Discover Explore Ltd

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