Africa | archiboldclutterbuck

Discover fascinating fun facts about Africa, it's geography, animals and much more below...

Population: 1.2 billion +

Number of Countries: 53

Highest Point: Mount Kilamanjiro 5895m

Lowest Point: Lake Assal  -155m

Longest river: Nile 6695km

Biggest country: Algeria

Smallest country: Seychelles

DID YOU KNOW

Africa is home to the Big 5 animals. They are the Cape Buffalo, Leopard, Lion, Rhino and Elephant. You can see them all on a Safari!

THE COUNTRIES OF AFRICA

Algeria

Angola

Benin

Botswana

Burkina Faso

Burundi

Cape Verde

Cameroon

Central African Republic

Chad

Comoros

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Republic of the Congo

Cote d'Ivoire

Djibouti

Egypt

Equatorial Guinea

Eritrea

eSwatini

Ethiopia

Gabon

Gambia

Ghana

Guinea

Guinea-Bissau

Kenya

Lesotho

Liberia

Libya

Madagascar

Malawi

Mali

Mauritania

Mauritius

Morocco

Mozambique

Namibia

Rwanda

Sao Tome and Principe

Senegal

Seychelles

Sierra Leone

Somalia

South Africa

South Sudan

Sudan

Tanzania

Togo

Tunisia

Uganda

Zambia

Zimbabwe

QUICK FACTS ABOUT AFRICA

Geography of Africa

The continent of Africa is right in the middle of the world. It sits to the South of Europe and is half in the Southern and half in the Northern hemispheres. Both the Equator, the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn run through it. Look at the map above to see all these different geographical features.

Due to its size and the fact it covers a huge percentage of the world, Africa experiences lots of different weather and has lots of different environments. Read more about different countries environments and weather below:

Kenya

Gabon

Kenya and Gabon  - are situated right on the Equator which means it is really hot and sunny for most of the year. Countries that sit on the Equator often have two seasons in the year, dry and wet as it doesn't get cold enough to have a Winter.

Egypt

Morocco

Egypt and Morocco - are in North Africa where there are huge deserts such as the famous Sahara. Cities, towns and communities are often build around water sources as it's so dry. These can be the sea, rivers or oases.

Rep. Congo

Dem.Congo

The Republic and Democratic Republic of the Congo - are situated around the great Congo Basin, a waterway surrounded by dense rainforest.  This is where you can go trekking to see the elusive Mountain Gorillas.  

Seychelles

Mauritius

Seychelles and Mauritius - Many of Africa's most famous islands are between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. This zone with the Equator in the middle means they only have dry and wet seasons along with very hot weather, perfect for beach days!

Madagascar

Madagascar - This unique island is the largest island in Africa. Due to it's size and isolation it has developed some very weird and wonderful wildlife that can only be found in Madagascar like the Lemur.

ACTIVITY

1. Take a look at the map of Africa.

2. Pick a country and see if you can guess what it's environment and weather is like.

3. Then take a search on the internet or in a book to see if you're correct!

WHO LIVES IN AFRICA?

Africa has lot's of different tribes and indigenous people. Find out about the Tuareg desert dwellers of the North, the San people of the South or the Maasai Warriors of the Rift Valley on our page on Indigenous People..

African Elephant

Type of animal - Mammal

Maximum Height - 3.3m

Region - Central and Southern Africa

Diet - Grass, plants and fruits

Lemur

Type of animal - Mammal

Maximum Length - 1m  (including tail)

Region - Madagascar

Diet - Fruits and leaves

Giraffe

Type of animal - Mammal

Maximum Height - 19m

Region - South West and East Africa

Diet - Acacia leaves, tree leaves

Lion

Type of animal - Mammal

Maximum Length - 2.5m

Region - Central and Southern Africa

Diet - Large and Small Mammals

Gorilla

Type of animal - Mammal

Maximum Height - 1.2m

Region - Central Africa

Diet - Plants, leaves and bark

 White Rhino

Type of animal - Mammal

Maximum Length - 4.2m

Region - Central and East Africa

Diet - Grasses

Scientists believe humans originated in Africa over 7 million years ago probably from the South of the continent!

Home to the Great Migration of over 1.7 million Wildebeest who travel from Tanzania to Kenya in search of new grazing every year.

8.6 million square kilometres of Africa is filled with the Sahara Desert, the world's largest desert.

The African country of Chad and the European country of Romania nearly have the same flag, only the blue differs VERY slightly.

 

Read the full story here

The Nile is the longest river in the world at 6,65km long!

Flowing from Uganda all the way to Egypt.

The King changed his country's name from Swaziland to eSwatini because people kept getting it confused with Switzerland.

Over a 1000 languages are spoken in Africa. The most

of any continent on Earth!

The island of Madagascar is the only place you can find Lemurs in the wild!

Maasai warriors are famed for the Adumu dance where they show off their incredibly high jumps!

Some of the Sahara deserts sand dunes can reach heights of over 600ft. That's twice the height of the Statue of Liberty!

AFRICA ON FILM

ACTIVITY

1. Take a look and read about my travels in Africa below.

2. Put some of the interesting information into a search engine and see if you can find which country the image is from!

Fun facts about the Great Migration of Wildebeest
Fun facts about the Bamileke
Fun facts about the Tuareg

Fig. 188

Wildebeest ‘enjoy’ the great migration through the Rift Valley.

Over 1.7m Wildebeest make the journey from Tanzania to Kenya each year! What a sight!

Fig. 176

A Bamileke chief wears a traditional Elephant mask during a ceremonial dance. The head dress is adorned with thousands of tiny coloured beads, each colour representing something significant to the tribe.

Fig. 27

A North African Tuareg man or Amajagh stands next to his camel wearing his traditional blue veil. They are often nicknamed the blue men because the dyes used for their clothes stain their skin blue.

Fun facts about Algerian Camel Racing

Fig. 92

Racing camels with the Tuareg people of Hassi Messaoud. A strange and exhilarating experience to celebrate the changing of the seasons.

Fun facts about the Great Pyramids of Giza

Fig. 97

The Great Pyramids of Giza are over 4,500 years old and were built by the ancient Egyptians as tombs for their Pharaohs. These 3 pyramids took over 85 years to complete!

Fig. 63

Boab trees line the road to Morondava and some Lemurs came along for the ride. It’s the only place in the world where they live in the wild!

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